Makkah Charter
07/07/2019
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Praise be to Allah and his prophet Mohammed (Peace and blessings be upon him) and his family, followers and companions.

From Mecca, the sanctified house of Allah (al- Ka’ba), the conference of (Charter of Mecca) held in presence of senior Islamic scholars, including the Grand Mufti. (Charter of Mecca) is enriched by (Charter of Medina) which was drafted by Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) 14 centuries ago, to operate with other communities of religious, cultural and ethnic differences in Medina. This constitutional charter was the leading epitome of coexistence and peace building values for all humankind.

Charter of Mecca is an Islamic guideline, which was derived from (Charter of Medina). It was issued by senior Islamic scholars from all around the world, from Mecca in the 15th (fifteenth) century after Hijra, corresponding to the 21st (twenty-first) century.

Issuing this charter from the vicinity of the sanctified house of Allah (Al- Ka’ba), Muslims’ Qiblah (the direction that all Muslims face when engaged in ritual prayer) emphasizes on the importance of the morale reference and enlightening source of Mecca sanctuary in Saudi Arabia. As well as, it affirms the great role of the political leadership, besides all things serving Islam, Muslims and the all mankind.

Releasing this charter by religious authority which represents all Muslims around the world, in this holy place (Al-Ka’ba), and in this holy time (last ten days of Ramadan), confirms that Muslims are part of this world civilization and seek mankind interest and noble values. Muslims aim at building bridges of love and harmony, and combat injustice, clash of civilizations and hatred.

Participants, hereby emphasize the charter components which include the following principles:

All people, regardless of their different ethnicities, races and nationalities, belong to one origin and all of them are equal, as what Allah says in Quran: (O mankind! reverence your Guardian-Lord Who created you from a single person created of like nature his mate and from them twain scattered (like seeds) countless men and women; reverence God through Whom ye demand your mutual (rights) and (reverence) the wombs (that bore you): for God ever watches over you.) (Al-Nisāa:1). And all people are honored by Allah, as what Allah says in Quran: (We have honored the sons of Adam; provided them with transport on land and sea; given them for sustenance things good and pure; and conferred on them special favors above a great part of Our Creation) (Al-Isrā).

Rejection of all discriminating phrases and slogans, and abhorrent superiority claims which emerged by false preferences, so the most honorable amongst the people (in Allah’s Sight) is “The most righteous amongst them, as what Allah says in Quran: (Verily the most honored of you in the sight of God is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And God has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things)) (Hujurāt: 13). As well as, the best people are the most beneficial to the others, as what Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) said: (The most beloved people to Allah are those who are most beneficial to the people), according to (Muʻjam Al-Tabarani).

Differences among people in their beliefs, cultures and natures are part of God’s will and wisdom. Acknowledging this divine law, with reason and wisdom to attain harmony and peace among people, is better than rebuffing, as what Allah says in Quran: (If thy Lord had so willed He could have made mankind one People: but they will not cease to dispute, Except those on whom He hath bestowed His Mercy: and for this did He create them) (Hūd: 118). Whoever is guided to a righteous approach shall enlighten others.

Religious and cultural diversity never justify conflict. Humanity needs positive, civilized partnerships and effective interaction. Diversity must be a bridge to dialogue, understanding and cooperation for the benefit of all humanity, encourage to the service and prosperity of mankind, find similarities and invest them in building inclusive citizenship state based on justice and legitimate freedom, mutual respect and common good.

All Divine Messages has one origin ,which is to believe in Allah only, to believe in him and no one else, and to believe in all religious belief, and its various messages and methods, as long as they practiced them in their true form. We shall not define any religion by the false political practices of those claiming to be adherents.

Civilized cultural dialogue is the most effective way to achieve tolerance and understanding, deepen community ties, and overcome obstacles to coexistence and relevant issues. We recognize and respect the other’s legitimate rights and their right to exist. We set aside all the preconceived prejudices, historical animosities, conspiracy theories and erroneous generalizations. Those who were lived at the time of mistakes are the only ones responsible for what happened. No one should be held accountable for past mistakes of whatever nature, religion, ideology, policy or nationality, as what Allah says in Quran: (That was a People that hath passed away. They shall reap the fruit of what they did and ye of what ye do! of their merits there is no question in your case!) (Al-Baqarah), and what Allah says in his holy Book: ((Pharaoh) said: “What then is the condition of previous generations?”, He replied: “The knowledge of that is with my Lord duly recorded: my Lord never errs nor forgets) (Taha).

Religions and philosophies are exonerated from the sins committed by their adherents and claimants. These sins reflect the adherents’ opinions, not the religions. All divine messages originally call for worshiping Allah, the almighty, no one else, and seek his satisfaction by caring for his creation, protecting their dignity, and making positive societal and family contributions, as what prophet Muhammed (PBUH) said: “I was sent to perfect honorable morals.” (Musnad Ahmed).

All Muslims should work together to prevent destruction and benefit humanity. We should establish a noble and effective alliance that goes beyond theories and empty slogans, and tackle the root causes of terrorism.

We should advance laws to deter the promotion of hatred, which instigate of violence and terrorism, or clash of civilizations. Such enacting is sufficient to restrain reasons of religious and ethnic disputes.

Muslims have enriched human civilization and can further enrich it today through their contributions to addressing ethical, social and environmental challenges during the absence of values due to globalization negativities.

All individuals are responsible in combating of terrorism, injustice, as well as the exploitation of people capabilities and human rights violation. There shall be no discrimination or courtesy (Comity), because that fair values cannot be deflated, and to fight injustice, stand always with the right side, launch of global public opinion and seeking justice no matter what.

The nature all around us is a gift from Allah, the Great Creator, who has subjected to us all that is in the heavens and on earth. Thus, the destruction, wastage and pollution of the natural resources are considered surpassing the due right and violation of the rights of the next generation.

The idea of clash of civilizations and the call to conflict and spreading fear from others are some of the features of isolation and hegemony that are caused by racial inclination, cultural dominance and the inability to be opened to others’ cultures, which is in its best a misleading tendency, intellectual shallowness, and a weakness in the components of civilization. This is linked to the desire to push of dispute to confrontation instead of adopting peaceful natural dominance whenever it possessed self-force.

Clash and dispute work together to deepen animosity among nations and peoples, which prevent the peaceful coexistence and the positive national integration, especially in countries with multi-religious and multi-ethnic. Hatred is the raw material in the industry of violence and terrorism.

The phenomenon of Islamophobia results from misunderstanding Islam. The true understanding of Islam which requires an objective view that is devoid of stereotypical and prejudicial notions erroneously-attributed to its sublime tenets which are often projected by those claiming to be true Muslims.

All individuals must promote noble moral values and encourage responsible social practices. They should cooperate in fighting moral, environmental and social challenges, according to the mutual Islamic and humanitarian concepts.

Personal freedom cannot justify violating human values or destroying social mores, and there is a big difference between freedom and chaos. Every freedom ends where the right of others begins, so we should respect the boundaries of constitutional and legal frameworks, while taking into account the public conscience and societal tranquility.

Intervention in the internal affairs of countries is a flagrant violation of sovereignty. This includes the practice of political dominance through economic or non-economic means, the promotion of sectarian beliefs and attempts to impose religious edicts (Fatwas) without respect for local circumstances, conditions and social conventions. Regardless of the pretext, intervention can never be justified, except in rendering relief aid, humanitarian support or social development programs, or in answering a legitimate and official request from a prominent public interest to confront aggression or corruption.

We should follow the examples of the accountable global development efforts that deter all types of corruption, and to apply the principle of accountability, and change consumption patterns that interfere with development goals, deplete economic capabilities or waste resources.

Responsible educational institutions form the social safeguard of Muslim communities. They require effective curricula and teaching tools, all influencing platforms, especially, Friday prayers and civil society organizations. The responsibility includes enrichment of religious emotions, promoting centrism and moderation, and not to drifting into negative sentiments pertaining to conspiracy theory, religious and cultural clash, spreading despair in nation, and mistrusting others, especially among youth.

All world leaders and international organizations should cooperate effectively to achieve safe coexistence among the religious, ethnic and cultural communities of humanity. No individual should be discriminated against based on his or her religion, ethnic or otherwise when it comes to political, economic or humanitarian assistance.

Global citizenship is a requirement. The principles of Islamic justice dictate respect for all nations, and their constitutions and laws. While citizens must faithfully pledge allegiance to their state, the state has requirements, too. It must ensure security and social peace, protect sanctuaries from desecration, and shield religious symbols from ridicule. These reflect the principle of mutual requirement, with rights for all elements of society, including religious and ethnic minorities.

An attack on the houses of worship is a criminal act. The world must stand against such attacks with firmness and strong political will, and to take a unified stance against terrorism that supports such acts.

Programs to combat hunger, poverty, disease, ignorance, racial discrimination and environmental destruction require the solidarity of all responsible institutions. These include governmental, international and non-governmental organizations, and those working in the humanitarian field. Each should strive to preserve the dignity of mankind and the human rights of both (men and women).
The empowerment of women based on the Islamic limitations as a part of her due process. Women should not be undermined by marginalizing their role, disrespecting them, reducing their status, or impeding their opportunities, whether in religious, academic, political or social affairs. Their rights include equality of wages and opportunity. Deter the attainment of such equity is deemed a criminal act against women in particular and against comminutes in general.

The highest responsibility of states and international organizations is the welfare of children, and their health, education and upbringing. The family also is responsible for the development of a child’s critical thinking to broaden his or her horizons, nurture abilities and creativity, and develop communicative skills, and safeguarding them from deviation.

We must enhance the identity of Muslim youth, with its five pillars – religion, country, culture, history, and language – and protect it from exclusion. We must protect youth from the ideas produced of civilizations’ clashes, and block efforts to mobilize against those with whom we intellectually disagree. We must combat intellectual extremism along with militancy, violence and terrorism, by helping raise awareness among youth and guiding them according to the Islamic values of tolerance, peace and harmonious coexistence. These values teach comprehension of the other, preservation of the other’s dignity and rights, and observation of the national laws in which one resides.

Issuers of this charter emphasize on the importance of forming a global forum (Islamic initiative) for youth affairs, in general. This forum should adopt youth positive dialogue with Muslim and Non-Muslim communities, and ideas and issues of youth with full discloser. Aware personalities with educational sense should tackle dialogue with youth, with consideration to their age and emotions, to defeat emptiness and negatives of a long-time absence.
We should strive beyond resolutions, rhetorical initiatives and programs, and theoretical proclamations to achieve effective and authentic results that advance world peace and security, and fight techniques of annihilation, ethnic cleansing, forced migration, human trafficking.

Only senior scholars such as those participants at this Conference in this Charter can speak in the name of all Muslim around the world, regarding any matter pertaining to its affairs. We share common religious and human objectives to advance the interests of all. We recognize that this necessitates the participation of all, without exclusion, racism or discrimination against anyone, irrespective of religion, ethnic or color.

Issued by The conference of “CHARTER OF MECCA”
Mecca, the sanctified house of Allah (Al- Ka’ba),

Hold during the period 22-24 of Ramadan, 1440 Hijri, corresponding to 27-29 of May, 2019.

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