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(Mecca, Zu-l-hijjah 4-5, 1439/August 15-16, 2018)













Mustafa Ceric, Ph.D.

Grand Mufti Emeritus of Bosnia




Al-Ḥamdulillah! Praise be to Allah Almighty who made the Sacred Mosque a safe place and a point of return for the people… Allah, Exalted be He, made the Kaʿbah purified as well as the Sacred Mosque for those who are making awāf  (circumambulating the Kaʿbah) or performing iʿtikāf (retiring into the Sacred Mosque for devotion).

Al-Ḥamdulillah! Praise be to Allah Almighty who removed from the Sacred Mosque people’s frustrations, who fed the people in it from hunger, and who freed the people in it  from fear!


Al-Ḥamdulillah! Praise be Allah Almighty for the accomplishment of this goal and we praise Him for making the resident and nonresident in this Sacred Mosque equally honourable and happy… And we witness that there is no god but Allah who has no partner… He is Great and Wise…


We confess that Muhammad, peace be upon him, is  our Master and our Messenger! He is Allah’s  Servant, Allah’s Messenger and Allah’s Prophet upon whom Allah Almighty has revealed:  – Verily, We have seen the turning of your (Muhammad’s) face towards the heaven. Surely, We shall turn you to a Qiblah (prayer direction) that shall please you, so turn your face in the direction of al-Masjid al-arām (at Mecca). And wheresoever you people are, turn your faces (in prayer) in that direction. Indeed, those who have been given the Scripture well know that it is the truth from their Lord. And Allah is not unaware of what they do. (al-Baqarah, 2:144).


Now, it is a great honour for me to stand here in this city of which Allah Almighty has said: – I swear by this city (of Mecca) you are free in this city! (And I swear by) the father and by the one who was born (of him) that (you should know) that We have created man to be working hard. (al-Balad, 1:4).


Is there a greater honour than this honour to stand in this city where the father was born, where the mother was born, and where her son was born to be sent by his Lord “as a witness, as a bearer of good tidings and as a warner of bad tidings, calling unto God by His leave, and as a light-giving lamp”, (al-Aḥzāb, 45-46); but also “Allah has sent him as His Prophet with a guidance and the faith of truth to unveil it over all religions despite the hatred of idolators, (al-Tawbah, 33); indeed, Allah Almighty has sent him as “a mercy to all the worlds”. (al-Anbiyāʼ, 108); yes, indeed, Allah Almighty has revealed to his Messenger the fact that “this Ummah is One Ummah and that I am your Lord so worship Me only” (al-Muʼminūn, 52).


Is there a greater generosity than this generosity to sit at this hospitable table under the honourable auspices and sovereignty of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques the King Salman bin Abdu-l-Aziz Al Saud – may  Allah protect him –  who is known in Bosnia to be always in the service of the Tow Holy Mosques and in the service of those who are visiting these holy place. We are familiar with the fact that the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques work hard for the unity among the Muslims all over the world from the East to the West and from the North to the South.


There is no doubt, the word of Allah’s Oneness (“كلمة التوحيد”) “There is no god but Allah” (لا إله إلاّ الله” ”) is the basic of our primordial true faith that leads us to a salvation and the Unification of Word (“توحيد الكلمة”) “Hold fact altogether to the Rope of Allah and do not depart from each other”, (Āl Imrān, 103),  is a basic precondition for the continuity and stability of our perpetual strength, honour and sovereignty as Muslims. This is exactly what we have been told by Allah Almighty: – O People who Believe! Be aware of Allah in the true manner He deserves to be on your mind, and do not die except as Muslims”, (Āl Imrān, 102), and the prerequisite for this is your holding fast together to the Rope of Allah without exception and your avoidance of a departure from each other without hesitation.


It is here and now that we should remember that if the pillars of Islam are five, as it was reported by Ibn ʿUmar, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said:  – Islam is built on five [principles]: (1) Confession that there is no god but Allah and that Muḥammad is the Messenger of Allah; (2) Performing alāh; (3) Giving Zakāh; (4) Performing ajj; and Performing iyām of Ramadan. (al-Bukhariyy & Muslim), then the definitive fundamentals of Islam are five as well: (1) the two confessions;  (2) the daily regular prayer; (3) the annual charity for the needy and social welfare of the Ummah; (4) the lifetime pilgrimage to the Kaʿbah in Mecca; and (5) the annual fasting of the holy month of Ramadan.


As to the first fundamental, namely the two confessions (“ الشهادتان”), it assumes a strong belief in the heart and a clear statement of the tongue. This is a personal and individual faith identity of a man who is aware of the meaning of these two confessions. The details of this first fundamental, as al-Qāḍī Abū al-Faḍl ʿIyāḍ al-Sabtī (d. 544 h), has elaborated them in his book “The Manifest of the Definitive Fundamentals of Islam” are: – Forty creeds: ten creeds are absolutely necessary that we should believe in; ten creeds are absolutely unthinkable that we should believe in; ten creeds are absolutely real and existential that we should be aware of; and ten creeds are absolutely certain and doubtless that we should be certain of.


The second fundamental of the five fundamentals of Islam is the daily regular prayer (“Ṣalāh”), which is the pillar of faith itself of an individual and of a community.  Allah Almighty said: – Indeed, the daily regular prayer deter you from vices and mischief! (al-ʿAnkabūt, 45) because the moral training through the prayer gives back good to the community and the raising of the community on the basic of performing the daily regular prayer individually at home and congregational at mosque increases in man firm faith and noble morals. And the moral training is of two kinds: striping the soul of bad morals and adopting to it good morals instead.


The third fundamental is the annual charity for the needy and a social welfare of the Ummah for the sake of the purification of heart and the remedy of heart’s hatred.  – You should take from their property a charity so that you may purify them as well as attest them for it…  You should pray for them because your pryer for them is a tranquility to them. Allah is all-hearing all-knowing, (al-Baqarah, 183).


The forth fundamental is an annual fasting of the month of Holy Ramadan in order to strengthen the awareness of the presence of Allah and to purify the soul of the good of   the individual and the community.  Allah Almighty said: – O People who Believe, the fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those who were before you so that you may be aware of Allah’s presence and that you may behave properly out of belief and fear of Allah, (al-Baqarah, 183).


And the fifth and final fundamental is the pilgrimage (“الحج”) to the Kaʿbah in Mecca, which contains all the above mentioned fundamentals in the sense that it enriches the individual and the community with noble morals in the manner of spreading from an individual to a community and from a community to an individual the sense of common good for the sake of humanity, the humanity which is found in the best Ummah in history because it promotes the good and forbids the evil. This Ummah is the one that carries on its shoulders the responsibility for the success of the mission of  faith that was completed and fulfilled at the mountain Arafāt by a clear and powerful Allah’s declaration: – This day have I perfected your faith for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your faith,  (al-Māʼdah, 3). 


Thus, if it is that the first and second confessions of faith are a personal and individual identity of each and every man from the time of primordial covenant with Allah: – Yes, indeed, we testify  that you are our Lord!  (“قَالُوا بَلىَ شَهِدْنَا”);  and if it is that the daily regular prayer is purification of the human soul from bad morals for the sake of the peace of society; and if it is that the charity for the needy and the welfare of the Ummah is a testing of both the individual and the community; and if it is that the annual fasting of the month of the Holy Ramadan is a repeated covenant with Allah as man’s secrets and joys from the bottom of his heart for the sake of training of his soul for its control and perseverance for the sake of a reconciliation in the family and the community –  then the ajj is the unification of human hearts and minds; it is the connection of human souls; it is the reunion of the human families; indeed, it is the unique integration of the human communities and societies into a whole of a common human universal destiny.


Therefore, there shall be no sexual relations during ajj; there shall be no sinful behaviour during Hajj; and there shall be no quarrelling among you that leads you to disagreements and departure from each other at ajj (“فَلاَ رَفَثَ وَلاَ فُسُوقَ وَلَا جِداَلَ فيِ الحَجَّ”). Hence, the ajj season is the season for the unification of human hearts and minds; indeed, the ajj season is a practical  integration of the Ummah all over the world. Without it the Ummah would not know the real meaning of the word of tawīd, i.e., the Oneness of Allah; it would not appreciate  the meaning of the tawīd of the word, i.e., the unity of the purpose of the One Ummah that is devoted to the worship of One God. Allah Almighty said: – If they try to cheat you, God is surely sufficient for you. It is He who has strengthened you with His help and with believers. If you had spent all that is in the earth, you could not have brought their hearts together; but Allah brought them together. Indeed, He is Exalted in Might and Wise, (al-Anfāl, 62-63).


The unity of purpose of Hajj is equally manifested in the heaven. It is mentioned in the Qurʼān that in the heaven there is “The Frequented House”  (“البَيْتُ المَعْموُرُ”), where the Malāʼikah are making awāf  (circumambulating) around it at the same time as the people are making their awāaround the Kaʿbah at Mecca on earth.  Hence, if the unity of purpose is possible between the heaven and earth, then the unity between human beings on earth is achievable as well. Indeed, the unity of the hearts and minds of Muslims is necessity for their survival here on earth and their salvation there in the heaven. The task of strengthening of this unity of the hearts and minds of Muslims is the personal duty (“farḍ al-ʿayn”) of each and every Muslim ʿālim as they, the Muslim ʿulamāʼ,  are “the heirs of the Prophets” (“العلماء ورثة الأنبياء”), but also the task for the unity of the hearts and minds of Muslims is the collective duty (“farḍ al-kifāyah”) of each and very Muslim public figure for the sake of peace and safety of the Ummah everywhere.


Thus, in the same way as the primordial covenant with Allah reminds us on our commitment to the idea of Oneness of Allah, i.e. tawīd; and in same way as the alādeters us from vices and mischief; and in the same way as the Zakāh leads us to take out from our surplus of wealth in order to give it to those who need it the most; and in the same way as the iyām teaches us honesty and modesty before Almighty Allah, the ajj calls us to unit our hearts and minds for the sake of Allah Almighty  and for the sake of our success here on earth and our salvation there in the heaven. Indeed, the ajj is the best occasion for the unity of the hearts and minds of Muslims all over the world. It is the best way for us to learn the Universal Qurʼanic lesson that we are here as Muslim to cooperate with each other in a good manner and to help each other in a good thought and good deed and not to cooperate by any means with each other in a bad manner and not to help each other whatsoever in an evil thought and a mischievous deed.  This lesson must be applied not only during the season of ajj but also all the time and all the way in our personal and collective life.


So, the conclusion is that when the row (“ṣaff”) of Muslims becomes strong and straight as it is at the time of Arafāt, as it is during al-ifāah around the Kaʿbah in Mecca, and as it is at the alāat al-Masjid al-arām, then the the Ummah will be victorious everywhere. Then, its voice will be heard and its peace and safety will be guaranteed all the time and everywhere.


This is the message from this Major Ḥajj Conference in Mecca under the honourable auspices and sovereignty of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques the King Salman bin Abdu-l-Aziz Al Saud – may  Allah protect him – and this is a call to all Muslims around the world to keep in their hearts and their minds the word of tawīd, i.e., the Oneness of Allah and the tawīd of the word, i.e., the unity of the purpose of the One Ummah that is devoted to the worship of One God. By doing so, the Ummah will prosper and will reach out its noble goal of worshiping One God and keeping its peace and security everywhere, Allah willing.


Thank you fro your attention! I pray to Almighty Allah for our unity and our safety here in the Holy City of Macca, in the Holy City of Medina, in the Holy land in Palestine and in the holy days and nights wherever we are with our word of tawīand our tawīd of the word for the unity of our Muslim aff, the strong and straight aff of our Ummah. Amin!


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