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The concept of Jihad in the Holy Qur’an and Sunnah
08/30/2016
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If we have a look at the Book of Allah we find that the Jihad and its derivatives are repeated about 34 times. This indicates the excellence of Qur’anic innovation, so it was said: The term Jihad is sincerely an Islamic term, as it was not available in the Arab language in the pre-Islamic period nor in any other language apart the Islamic

.language

If we follow the Qur’anic verses where the term Jihad is mentionned, we find that this term has different meanings depending on the context in which it was stated, :and these meanings can be classified into three categories

First: The meaning of Jihad with speech/ words. For this, we take example from the words of the Almightily God: ﴾So do not obey the disbelievers, and strive against them with the Qur’an a great striving﴿ (Al-Furqaan:52), Tabari said: “And strive them with this Qur’an a great striving until are guided to the acknowledge, including the ordinances of God, and be condemned with it, and bow to the work in totality. In addition, this type of (Jihad) is called the Jihad of the proof and evidence, and it is

.submitted to use this type of jihad before the jihad with the sword and spear Second: The Jihad by force. For this, we take example in the words of the Almightily

God: ﴾Not equal are those believers remaining [at home] – other than the disabled – and the mujahideen, [who strive and fight] in the cause of Allah with their wealth and their lives. Allah has preferred the mujahideen through their wealth and their lives over those who remain [behind], by degrees. And to both Allah has promised the best [reward]. But Allah has preferred the mujahideen over those who remain [behind] with a great reward –﴿ (An-Nissa: and by the word (Jihad) in this verse and in the similar verses is intended the ,(95 Jihad against disbelievers in the battlefields. This type of (Jihad) is called the Jihad

.with the sword and combat

Third: The Jihad through good deeds. For this, we take example in the words of the Almightily God: ﴾And whoever strives only strives for [the benefit of] himself.

Indeed, Allah is free from need of the worlds.﴿ (Al-Ankaboot:6). Ibn Kathir said: This is like the verse: ﴾Whosoever does righteous good deed, it is for himself﴿

(Fussilat:46). Whoever does a righteous deed, the benefit of that deed will come back to him, indeed Allah has no need for His servants deeds as mentioned in the Qur’an from the Almighty God: ﴾And those who strive for Us – We will surely guide them to Our ways.﴿ (Al-Ankaboot:69), Ash- Shawkaani said: Strive in the
.path to seek God’s love and to hope in the benefits and goods that He has

If we look at the verses of the Holy Qur’an that talk about Jihad, we find that most of them barely go out from these three meanings: The Jihad with words, the Jihad by

.force and the Jihad through good deeds

The subject of Jihad occupies an important space in the Sunnah An-Nabawiyah (Prophetic Tradition) due to the large and very spacious blogging of the Hadeeth, in

.contrary to the Qur’anic limited texts

Dr. Mahmoud Mohammed Ahmed in his book divided the evolution of the concept of :Jihad in the Hadiths, into three categories

Hadiths where the term “Jihad” is mentioned in general ((Narrated by Abu Said -1 that he said: Somebody asked: “O Allah’s Apostle! Who is the best among the people?” Allah’s Apostle replied: “A believer who strives his utmost in Allah’s cause with his life and property.” They asked: “Who is next?” He replied: “A believer who stays in one of the mountain paths worshipping Allah and leaving the people secure

.((”.from his mischief

Hadiths with non-fighting actions of the term Jihad: For example what was -2 narrated by ‘Aisha (the mother of the faithful believers), may Allah be pleased with her, that she said: I said: “O Allah’s Apostle! We consider Jihad as the best deed.” The Prophet said: “The best Jihad (for women) is Hajj Mabrur (accepted).”. ‘Abdullah bin Amr said: “A man came to the Prophet asking his permission to take part in Jihad. ‘ The Prophet asked him: “Are your parents alive?” He replied in the affirmative. The ”.Prophet said to him: “Then exert yourself in their service

The Jihad in the Qur’an means to give all what you own; from the capability and strength. The Islamic scholars restricted the meaning of “The Jihad by fighting”, and the Sufis (mystics) limited the Jihad in the personal Jihad and was left the Qur’anic concept of Jihad which is the most comprehensive of all the types of Jihad. This is the view of the scholars in modern times, as they looked at Jihad in its general holistic meaning; Dr. Mohamed Emara says: “To do what you can, and spare no effort and energy in the science, learning and teaching fields, is Jihad; and to do what you can, and spare no effort and energy in the earth construction and civilization with faithfully discharge in the divine succession of humans is Jihad; even the kindness to humans, animals, plants and inanimate objects -the nature- is Jihad; as well the righteousness and the good treatment towards parents, relatives and blood relatives is Jihad. As well, the fear of God and his control and piety is the highest rank of Jihad

.”imposed by Islam

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