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Forty Hadith On Good Moral Values With Short Commentaries
11/11/2015
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Book Name: Forty Hadith on Good Moral Values With Short Commentaries
Author: Yahya M. A. Ondigo
Publishing House: International Islamic Publishing House
Edition: English edition 1 (2010)
ISBN: 978-603-501-064-1

Introduction
The author collected wonderful anthology of the Prophet`s statements on positive ethics and attributes that all people- Muslims and non-Muslims- should strive to adopt in the way we deal with others. He lucidly elaborates on a number of areas in such a human value system, like the characteristics of honesty, good neighborliness, modesty, generosity, courage, cooperation, justice, forgiveness, moderation and hospitality. The world is in dire need of these selected forty thematic Hadiths to build the most perfect and complete moral system human mankind can ever imagine. Regardless of the chosen faiths of people on this planet, we all aspire to have a world modeled and moulded in these great human values, and without them the world is meaningless.

Honesty

It was narrated from Abdullah ibn Mas`ood that Allah`s Messenger said: “ I enjoin you to be truthful, for truthfulness leads to righteousness, and righteousness leads to paradise. A person will continue to tell the truth and endeavour to be truthful unti Allah records him as truthful. Beware of lying, for lying leads to wickedness (immorality and evil-doing), and wickedness leads to the fire. A person will continue to tell lies, and endeavour to tell lies, until he is recorded by Allah as aliar.”( recorded by Bukhari and Muslim).

Modesty

Abu Hurayrah narrated that Allah`s Messenger said: “ Haya` (modesty) springs from faith, and faith is in paradise. Obscenity comes from rudeness, and rudeness is in the fire.”
(recorded by at-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah)

Abu sawwa arrated that he heared `Imran ibn Husayn report that the prophet said: “Haya` does not bring anything but goodness.” Bushayr ibn Ka`b said: it is written in the wisdom that it includes dignity and tranquility. Imran said: I narrate to you from Allah`s Messenger and you narrate to me from your books (of wisdom)? (recorded by Bukhari and Muslim).

Humility

It was narrated by `Iyad ibn Hamir that Allah`s Messenger said: “Allah has revealed to me, that you must be humble towards one another, so that no one wrongs anyone else or boasts to anyone else.”
(a sound hadith recorded by Abu dawood and Ibn Majah)
It was narrated by Abu there is no boasting or looking down in contempt at others. The second one shows how charity, forgiving of faults and humility for the sake o Allah as the keys to honor and being raised in status by Allah.

Courage

Hurayrah that Allah`s Messenger said:” Charity does not decrease wealth. No one forgives, but Allah increases him in honor, and no one humbles himself for the sake of Allah except that Allah raises him in status.” (recorded by Muslim and at-Tirmidhi).
These first hadith teaches us that people should be humble and down to earth with each other so that
Abu Hurayrah narrated that Allah`s Messenger said: “ The strong believer is better and more beloved to Allah than the weak believer, although in both there is good. Strive to do that which Allah will benefit you ( in this world and the hereafter) and seek the help of Allah and don’t feel helpless (and don’t give up). If anything befalls you (like misfortune), do not say: if only I had done such and such, then such and such would have happened (insted). Rather say: Allah has decreed, and what he wills he does. For (your saying) `if only` opens the door to the work of Satan.” (recorded by Muslim).

Another hadith reads:

It was narrated from Tariq ibn Shihab that a man asked the prophet, when he had put his leg in the stirrup (of his mount):Which kind of jihad is best? The prophet answered:”A word of truth spoken before an unjust ruler.” (a reliable hadith recorded by at- Tirmidhi, an-Nasai, and Ibn Majah)

Steadfastness

Sufyan ibn `Abdullah ath-Thaqafi related: “I said: O Allah`s Messenger, tell me of something that I can adhere to. He said: Say: My Lord is Allah. Then be firm and steadfast (stand straight). I said: O Allah`s Messenger, what is the thing that you fear most for me? Allah`s Messenger took hold of his own tongue, then he said: This.” (recorded by Ibn Majah)

Kindness

It was narrated that Aishah said: “A group of Jews asked permission to come in to see the Messenger of Allah and they said: As-samu `alaykum (Death be upon you). Aishah replied: Rather may death be upon you- and curses! The Messenger of Allah said: O Aishah, Allah has enjoined kindness in all things. She responded: Did you not hear what they said? He replied: (I did and) I answered: Wa`alaykum (And also upon you).” (recorded Bukhari and Muslim)

It was narrated from `Aishah, the wife of the prophet, that Allah`s Messenger said:” O A`ishah, Allah is kind and he loves kindness. He confers upon kindness what he does not confer upon harshness and what he does not confer upon anything else besides (kindness).” (recorded by Muslim)

Gentleness

Abu ad-Darda` narrated that the prophet said: “ whoever is given his (generous) share of gentleness, then he has ben give a share of good. And whoever has been denied his share of gentleness, then he has been denied his share of good.” (a reliable hadith recorded by at- Tirmidhi)

Another hadith reads:

Abdullah ibn Mas`ood narrated that Allah`s Messenger said:” shall I not inform you for whom the fire is unlawful and he is unlawful for the fire? (it is) every person who is gentle, kind, and easy (to deal with).”(reliable hadith recorded by at-Tirmidhi)

Peacefulness

Abdullah ibn Salam said: “When the Messenger of Allah arrived- meaning his arrival in Madinah- the people came out to meet him. It was said that the Messenger of Allah had arrived, so I went among the people to get a look at him when I gazed upon the face of the Messenger of Allah, I knew that his face was not the face of a liar. The first thing that he said was: O people! Spread the Salam (Peace and the greeting of peace), feed (others who are hungry), and perform prayers while the people are sleeping, and you will enter pardise with ease.”( an authentic hadith recorded by at-Tirmidhi)

Moderation

It was narrated from Abu Hunayd as-Sa`idi that the messenger of Allah said: “Be moderate in seeking worldly things, because that for which each (creature) was created will be facilitated for them.” (recorded by Ibn Majah)
A simila arration reads:

It was narrated from Jabir ibn `Abdullah that the messenger of Allah said:” O people, fear Allah and be moderate in seeking aliving, fo o soul will die until it has received all its provisions, even if it is slow in coming. So fear Allah and be moderate in seeking provision. Take that which is permissible and leave that which is forbidden.” (recorded by Ibn Majah)

Contentment

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the prophet said: “Richness is not an abundance of worldly goods�rather, richness is contentment with one`s self (and one`s lot in life).” (recorded by Bukhari, Muslim, at-Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, and Ahmad)

Cheerfulness

It was narrated from Mu`adh ibn Abdullah ibn Khubayb, from his father, that his paternal uncle said: “We were sitting in a gathering, and the prophet came with the traces of water on his head. One of us said to him: We see that you are of good cheer today. He said: yes, praise be to Allah. Then he spoke to the people about being rich. He said :There is nothing wrong with being rich for one who has piety, but good health is better than riches, and being of good cheer is a blessing.”(recorded by Ibn Majah)

Charity

Abu Burdah narrated from his father from his grandfather that the prophet said: “Every Muslim has to give in charity. What will he do? He said: He should work with his hands and benefit himself and also give in charity (from what he earns). The people further asked: if he cannot find even that? He replied: He should help the needy who appeal for help. Then the people asked: If he cannot do that? He replied: Then he should perform good deeds and keep away from evil deeds, and this will be regarded as charitable deeds.” (recorded by Bukhari and Muslim).

Cooperation

It was narrated by Nu`man ibn Basheerthat the prophet said: “The situation of the person abiding by Allah`s orders and limits in comparison to the one who does wrong and violates Allah`s orders and limits is like the example of people drawing lots for seats in a boat. Some of them got seats in the upper part while the others got seats in the lower part. Those in the lower part have to pass by those in the upper one to get water, and that troubled the latter. One of the people (in the lower part) took an axe and started making a hole in the bottom of the boat. The people of the upper part came and asked him: What is wrong with you? He replied: You have been troubled much by me (coming up to your section), and I have to get water. Now if the people of the upper part prevent him from doing what he is doing they will save him and themselves, but if they him (to do what he wants ), then they will all be destroyed.”(recorded by Bukhari)

Justice

Amr ibn Aws narrated from a chain leading to Zuhayr that the Messenger of Allah ( said:” Those who are fair and just will be near Allah, on thrones or pulplits of light by the Right Hand of the most merciful, (Allah), Glorified and Exalted is He,- and both His Hands are Right- those who deal justly in their decisions with their families and all that they are in charge of.” (recorded by Muslim)

Forgiveness

Abu is-haq reported that he heared Abu Abdullah al-Jadali narrate:” I askd `Aishah about the character of the messenger of Allah she said: He was neither obscene, nor uttering obscenities, nor yelling in the markets. He would not return an evil with an evil, but rather he was pardoning and forgiving.” (recorded by at-Tirmidhi)

Love

Abu Hurayrah narrated that the messenger of Allah Said: “Allah will say on the day of Resurrection: where are the two who loved one another for my sake? Today I will shade them with my shade, on a day when there will be no shade but my shade.” (recorded by Muslim)

Patient perseverance

It was narrated from Abu Sa`eed al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) that, ‘some people from among the Ansar asked Allah`s Messenger (Blessings and peace be upon him) (for some material assistance) and he gave it to them. Then they asked (again), and he gave it to them. Then they again asked him ( a third time), and he gave it to them until what he had was exhausted. He said: Whatever I have of good, I would never withhold from you: but whoever refrains from asking, Allah, the Most-Merciful, will make him content; whoever seeks to be independent of means, Allah will make him independent: and whoever patiently perseveres, Allah will bestow patience and perseverance upon him, and no one is ever give anything better and more generous ( and encompassing) than patient perseverance.”( recorded by Bukhari, Muslim, at-Tirmidhi, and Abu Dawood)
Jabir Ibn Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with both father and son) narrated that Allah`s Messenger said:” May Allah have mercy on a man who is lenient (easy and benevolent) when he sells and when he buys and when he asks for payment.”(recorded by Bukhari. Ibn Majah, and Ahmad)
Jareer ibn Abdullah narrated that Allah`s Messenger said: “ Allah will not be merciful to those who are not merciful to people.” (recorded by Bukhari)

Another simila arration reads:

Abdullah ibn `Am arrated that Allah`s messenger said:” The merciful are shown mercy by the most merciful (Allah). Be merciful to those on earth, and you will be shown mercy by the one above the heavens. The womb (ar-rahm) is named after the most merciful (ar-Rahman). So whoever connects to it, Allah connects to him, and whoever serves (him or herself) it, Allah serves ( himself ) from him.” (recorded by At-Tirmidhi)

Respect

Zarbi narrated that he heared Anas Ibn Malik say: An old man came to talk to the prophet , and the people were hesitant to make room for him. The prophet said:” He is not one of us who does not have mercy on our young and does not respect our elders.
”( recorded by at-Tirmidhi, Abu Dawood, and Ahmad)

A simila arration reads:

Amr ibn Shu`ayb narrated from his father, from his grandfather, that the messenger of Allah said:” he is not one of us who does not have mercy upon our young, nor knows the honour of our elders. (Another chain has a similar meaning except that he said in it: Knows the right of our elders.)” (recorded by at-Tirmidhi, Abu Dawood, and Ahmad)

Generosity

Anas said: “When the Messenger of Allah arrived in Madinah the Muhajireen came to him and said: O messenger of Allah, we have not seen a people more willing to sacrifice when having a lot, nor more patient when having a little, than the people among whom we are staying (the Ansar). Our provisions are so sufficient, and we share with them in their produce such that we fear that all of our reward is gone. So the prophet said: No (it isn’t ), gratitude to them (for it).” (recorded by at-Tirmidhi)

Amicability

Sahi ibn Muadh ibn Anas narrated from his father that Allah`s Messenger said:” The most virtuous of virtues is to connect (and have good relations) with those who cut you off, to give to those who deny you, and to overlook and pardon those who revile (or falsely accuse) you.” (recorded Ahmad)

Upholding Ties Of Kinship

Abu Hurayrah narrated that the prophet said:” learn enough about your lineage to facilitate keeping good ties of kinship. For indeed, keeping ties of kinship encourages affection among relatives, increases the wealth, and increases the life-span.” (recorded by at-Tirmidhi)
Another hadith reads:

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that a man said: “O Messenger of Allah, I have relatives with whom I try to keep in touch, but they cut me off. I treat them well but they abuse me. I am patient and kind towards them, but they insult me. He said; if you are as you say, then it is as if you are putting hot ashes in their mouths. Allah will continue to support you as long as you continue to do that.” (recorded by Muslim”

Caring for the weak

Safwan ibn sulaym narrated that the prophet said: “The one who cares for (and look after) a widow and a poor person is like a person performing jihad in the cause of Allah, or like one who fasts all the day and stands (in prayer) all the night.” (recorded by Bukhari, Muslim, At-Tirmidhi, and Ibn Majah)
Treating servants well

Al-Ma`roor ibn Suwayd narrated: “ I saw Abu Dharr wearing a burda (type of garment) and his slave also wearing a burda( the same of type of garment). So I said to Abu Dharr: If you take this (burda of your slave) and wear it (along with yours), you will have a nice outfit and you may give him another (different) garment. Abu Dharr explained: once there was a quarrel between me and another man whose mother was s a non-Arab, and I called her bad names. The man complained about me to the prophet . The prophet asked me: Did you abuse so and so? I said: yes. He said: did you call his mother bad names? I said: yes. He said. You still have the traits of pre-Islamic period of ) ignorance. I said: do I (still have the traits of ignorance) even now in my old age? He said: yes they ( your slaves or servants) are your brothers, and Allah has put them under your command. So the one under whose hand Allah has put his brother, should feed him with what he eats, and dress him with what he himself dresses, and should not ask him to do a task beyond his capacity, and if he asks him to do a hard task, he should help him with it.”(recorded by Bukhari, Muslim, at-Tirmidhi, Abu Dawood, Ibn Majah)

Abu Shurah al- Khuzai reported: “Allah`s Messenger said: Hospitality is for three days, and full hospitality is one day and night. It’s not permissible for a Muslim man to stay with his brother until he causes him to sin? He answered: when he stays with him until there is nothing left with which to entertain him.” (Recorded by Muskim)
Protecting people`s honor
It was narrated from Sa`eed ibn Zayad that the prophet said:” the worst from riba (usury or interest) Is attacking a Muslim`s honor without a right.” (recorded by Abu Dawood)
Al-Mugheerah ibn Ziyad ath-Thaqafi narrated from Anas ibn Malik that Allah`s Messenger said:” The person who has no trustworthiness has no faith, and the person who does not fulfill promises has no religion.” (recorded by Ahmad)

Good Neighbourliness

Aishah reported that she heard Allah’s Messenger say: “Angel Jibreel continued impressing upon me kind and polite treatment towards neighbours (so much so) that I thought he would confer upon them (the right of) inheritance.” (recorded by Muslim)
Having a Good Fragrance

Abdur-Rahman ibn Abi Sa’eed al-Khudri narrated from hs father that Allah’s Messenger said: “Ghusl (complete ablution) on Fridays is obligatory for everyone who has reached the age of puberty, as well as using siwak (a tooth stick) and whatever perfume is available.” Some of the narrators said: even if it is women’s perfume. (Recorded by Muslim)
Forbearance and Deliberation

Ibn Abbas narrated that the Prophet said to Ashajj Abdul-Qays: “Indeed, there are two traits in you that Allah loves: forbearance, and deliberateness.” (recorded by Muslim and at-Tirmidhi)

Reconciliation

Humayd ibn Abdur-Rahman narrated from his mother that the prophet said: “A person is not lying when he makes up something between two people in order to reconcile between them. Ahmad ibn Muhammad and Musaddad said (in their version): The person is not a liar who reconciles between people and says something good, or conveys something good.” (recorded by Abu Dawood)
Giving Gifts

Abu Hurayrah narrated that the prophet said: “Give gifts, for indeed gifts remove bad feelings from the chest. Do not let a person look down upon you (the gifts by his or) he eighbor, even if it be a sheep shank.” (recorded by at-Tirmidhi)

Sincerity

Tameem ad-Dari narrated that the prophet said: “Religion is sincerity. The Companions asked: To whom? He said: To Allah, to His Book, to His Messenger, to the imams (leaders and scholars) of the Muslims and the common folk.” (recorded by Muslim)

Visiting the Sick

It was narrated from Abu Asma from Thawban, who is also called Abu ar-Rabee, and also narrated from Abu sa’eed that Allah’s Messenger said: “The one who visits the sick is in an orchard of paradise (or harvesting the fruit of paradise) until he returnes.” (recorded by Muslim)

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